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Google’s Android OS turns 10 years old: the key milestones


With the launch of the unique iPhone, the cellular/cellular telephone trade was perpetually modified. The time period ‘smartphone’ had now entered the cultural lexicon, ushering in a brand new age during which the human race’s collective information was now out there proper from our pockets.

In fact, it would not be lengthy earlier than a worthy competitor would supply its personal tackle the smartphone working system, and web search big Google was greater than as much as the duty.

Initially envisioned as an organization that would supply superior working techniques for digital cameras, Android Inc. (based by Andy Rubin, Wealthy Miner, Nick Sears and Chris White) would quickly set its sights on the world of handsets, finally convincing Google to amass the corporate for $50 million in 2005.

Not like Apple’s iPhone OS (which later re-branded as iOS), Android was an open-source platform powered by the Linux kernel, permitting producers to develop their very own cellular interfaces based mostly on Android’s framework. 

Over the course of a decade, Android would develop to develop into arguably the world’s hottest working system, out there throughout telephones, tablets, televisions, vehicles, smartwatches and a wide range of different good gadgets. 

Listed below are a few of the key milestones in Android’s rise to world prominence during the last ten years. 

1. The primary Android smartphone is launched

With the 2008 launch of the HTC T-Cellular G1 (recognized by the way more palatable title of HTC Dream outdoors of the US), the world’s first Android smartphone had arrived. 

That includes a slide out keyboard with bodily buttons, a three.17-inch (320 x 480) show, a monitoring ball and a thickness of 16mm, the HTC Dream was removed from the smooth, fashionable system that Apple’s iPhone 3G was (heck, it did not also have a headphone jack – how’s that for ‘braveness’).

Regardless of all of this, the HTC Dream nonetheless managed to promote over 1,000,000 items in its first six months of launch, clearly demonstrating the existence of a market that needed one thing completely different to Apple’s imaginative and prescient of a smartphone. 

2. Samsung’s first Galaxy S system makes its debut

Right this moment, Samsung is the largest smartphone producer on this planet, however on the time of the unique iPhone’s launch, nothing could possibly be farther from the reality. After producing a number of proto-smartphones that didn’t catch on, Samsung launched its first Android cellphone, the Galaxy i7500, in 2009.

Whereas that cellphone was additionally unsuccessful, it confirmed the South Korean firm simply how a lot potential there was within the Android platform, which impressed it to launch the primary cellphone in its (nonetheless going) Galaxy S collection in 2011 — dubbed the Samsung Galaxy S

That includes an iPhone-like design and a fantastic Tremendous AMOLED show (yep, all the way in which again in 2011), the Galaxy S gave customers their first actual different to Apple’s vastly common smartphone, solely with all the advantages of the open Android platform. 

By the point the breakthrough Galaxy S2 got here round, Samsung was already on its approach to turning into the default Android cellphone producer within the eyes of many. 

three. Google releases its personal cellphone within the Nexus One

Lengthy earlier than the success of its Pixel vary of smartphones, Google tried its hand at producing its personal handsets and tablets, launching the Nexus household of gadgets. The objective was to cater to customers who needed a inventory Android expertise sans the UI skins afforded by Samsung, LG and the remainder. 

Partnering with producer HTC, Google launched the Nexus One, pitching it as a tool that wasn’t encumbered by third get together bloatware and undesirable manufacturer-led interfaces. By selecting a Nexus One, customers would additionally get the most recent model of Android as quickly because it was out there.

Ultimately, Google would accomplice with Samsung to launch the Nexus S, adopted by the Galaxy Nexus. The Nexus four and 5 got here after, solely with LG offering the . Google’s Nexus line would proceed for a number of extra handsets (and tablets), however would finally be outmoded by the Pixel collection – thought of by many to be the perfect inventory Android telephones on this planet. 

four. The Android Market is open for enterprise

Apple’s App Store, which was launched in 2008 alongside the discharge of the iPhone 3G, successfully introduced the smartphone into maturity, so it was solely a matter of time earlier than an identical digital storefront was launched for Android apps. 

On October 22, 2008, that is precisely what occurred, with the start of the Android Market, which might finally go on to be renamed the Google Play Store. Together with apps and video games, customers may additionally buy gadgets from the storefront, nevertheless, that might change with the introduction of the official Google Retailer in 2015. 

Right this moment, Google Play affords apps, video games, music, motion pictures, TV reveals, books, information publications and magazines to billions of customers all over the world. 

5. Android Put on involves smartwatches

In 2014, Google made the choice to enter the then-booming smartwatch market, saying a brand new model of Android aimed completely at wearables. 

Initially dubbed Android Put on, the platform first appeared on the LG G Watch, adopted shortly after by the Samsung Gear Stay and Moto 360. 

Samsung would finally choose to run the Tizen open supply OS on its wearables going ahead, nevertheless Android Put on continued to achieve traction with customers and producers, finally powering the Asus ZenWatch and the Sony SmartWatch three.

Google just lately rebranded Android Put on as Put on OS, which might now be discovered on wearables from numerous high-profile watch and style manufacturers, together with Diesel, Hugo Boss, Louis Vuitton, Tag Heuer, Tommy Hilfiger and extra.

And that is only the start — Android has made its manner onto good TVs, streaming containers, mini PCs, fridges…. even vehicles, because of Android Auto. It is clear that whereas Google’s cellular OS has already been round for a decade, it appears destined to stay the world’s hottest OS for someday to come back. Nicely, till Google Fuchsia is formally unveiled…


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